Process of Robot Assisted Partial Nephrectomy

For my last surgery, I observed a robot assisted partial nephrectomy or kidney removal. In a robotic assisted surgery, surgeons use small incisions called ports to pass instruments through, resulting in a less invasive procedure. The instruments they use have long handles and are connected to a robot that the surgeon controls. I choose to complete this illustration in watercolor to give it a realistic organic feel.

First, here are the final sketches:

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Here is the final finished illustration. watercolor-edit-7